|...||3. Application for approval||a0c0|
|...||6. Modifications and extension of approval of the vehicle type||a0c0|
|...||7. Conformity of production||a0c0|
|...||8. Penalties for non-conformity of production||a0c0|
|...||9. Production definitely discontinued||a0c0|
|...||10. Names and addresses of technical services conducting approval tests, and of administrative departments||a0c0|
|...||Annex 1 - Communication concerning the approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval or production definitely discontinued of a vehicle type with regard to the arrangement of foot controls, pursuant to Regulation No. 35||a0c0|
|...||Annex 2 - Arrangements of approval marks||a0c0|
|...||Annex 3 - Procedure for determining the H point and the actual torso angle for seating positions in motor vehicles||a0c0|
|...||Annex 4 - Arrangement of foot controls||a0c0|
This Regulation applies to vehicles of category M1 1/ with regard to the arrangement and mode of operation of the foot controls.
As defined in Annex 7 to the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3), (document TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.1/Amend.2 as last amended by Amend.4).
|...||For the purpose of this Regulation:||a0c0|
|2.1.||"approval of a vehicle" means the approval of a vehicle type with regard to the foot controls as specified in paragraph 1;||a0c0|
|2.2.||"private (passenger) car" means a motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle, designed to carry not more than nine persons;||a0c0|
|2.3.||"vehicle type" means a category of motor vehicles which do not differ in respect of the structure and internal arrangements which may affect the location and operation of the foot controls;||a0c0|
|2.4.||"accelerator pedal" means a foot control by which the engine power output can be varied;||a0c0|
|2.5.||"Service-brake pedal" means a foot control by which the service braking device can be operated;||a0c0|
|2.6.||"clutch pedal" means the foot control of the device designed to engage the engine with or disengage it from the transmission and the road wheels;||a0c0|
|2.7.||"transverse plane" means a plane perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle;||a0c0|
|2.8.||"longitudinal plane" means a plane parallel to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle;||a0c0|
"reference plane 'P' " (see fig.1) means a transverse plane perpendicular to the straight line connecting point "R" to point "A", where
|2.9.1.||"A" is a point on the surface of the accelerator pedal 200 mm from point "B";||a0c0|
"B" is the fixed point on the vehicle corresponding to the heel point, as established by the vehicle manufacturer;
|2.10.||"walls" means fixed structural members (e.g. transmission tunnel; wheel arches; side trim panels).||a0c0|
|3.1.||The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to the arrangement of foot controls shall be submitted by the vehicle manufacturer or by his duly accredited representative.||a0c0|
|3.2.||It shall be accompanied by the following documents in triplicate, and by the following particulars:||a0c0|
|3.2.1.||drawings, on an appropriate scale and in sufficient detail, of the parts of the structure considered to be referred to by the requirements of this Regulation;||a0c0|
|3.3.||A vehicle representative of the type to be approved shall be submitted to the technical service responsible for conducting the approval tests.||a0c0|
|4.1.||If the vehicle type submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation meets the requirements of paragraph 5, below, approval of that vehicle type shall be granted.||a0c0|
|4.2.||An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at present 00 for the Regulation in its original form) shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party may not assign that number to another vehicle type.||a0c0|
|4.3.||Notice of approval or of extension or of refusal or withdrawal of approval or production definitely discontinued of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation by means of a form conforming to the model in annex 1 to this Regulation.||a0c0|
|4.4.||There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the approval form, to every vehicle conforming to a vehicle type approved under this Regulation on international approval mark consisting of:||a0c0|
a circle surrounding the letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country which had granted approval; 2/ and
1 for Germany, 2 for France, 3 for Italy, 4 for the Netherlands, 5 for Sweden, 6 for Belgium, 7 for Hungary, 8 for Czech Republic, 9 for Spain, 10 for Yugoslavia, 11 for the United Kingdom, 12 for Austria, 13 for Luxembourg, 14 for Switzerland, 15 (vacant), 16 for Norway, 17 for Finland, 18 for Denmark, 19 for Romania, 20 for Poland, 21 for Portugal and 22 for the Russian Federation, 23 for Greece, 24, 25 (vacant) and 26 for Slovenia. Subsequent numbers shall be assigned to other countries in the chronological order in which they ratify or accede to the Agreement concerning the Adoption of Uniform Conditions of Approval and Reciprocal Recognition of Approval for Motor Vehicle Equipment and Parts, and the numbers thus assigned shall be communicated by the Secretary-General of the United Nations to the Contracting Parties to the Agreement.
|4.4.2.||the number of this Regulation, followed by the letter "R", a dash and the approval number to the right of the circle prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1.||a0c0|
|4.5.||If the vehicle conforms to a vehicle type approved, under one or more other Regulations annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation, the symbol prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1 need not be repeated; in such a case the additional numbers and symbols of all the Regulations under which approval has been granted in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation shall be placed in vertical columns to the right of the symbol prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1.||a0c0|
|4.6.||The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.||a0c0|
|4.7.||The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle data plate affixed by the manufacturer.||a0c0|
|4.8.||Annex 2 to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of approval marks.||a0c0|
|5.1.||The foot controls shall be arranged in the following order from left to right, as observed from the driver's seat: clutch pedal if any; service-brake pedal; accelerator pedal.||a0c0|
|5.2.||It shall be possible to place the left foot normally in a position of rest on the floor surface or foot rest such that it is not trapped by the pedals.||a0c0|
|5.3.||It shall be possible to actuate any pedal over its full travel without inadvertently operating floor-switches or other foot controls.||a0c0|
|5.4.||The distance, shown at "E" in annex 4, between the contour points of the orthogonal projections on to plane "P" of the accelerator-pedal and service-brake-pedal bearing surfaces shall be &le 100 mm &ge 50 mm.||a0c0|
|5.5.||The distance between the orthogonal projections of the service-brake-pedal and the clutch-pedal bearing surfaces on to the reference plane "P" shall be &ge 50 mm.||a0c0|
|5.6.||The distance between the contour points of the projection of the clutch pedal on to plane "P" and the intersection of the nearest wall with plane "P" shall be &ge 50 mm.||a0c0|
|5.7.||The distances, respectively shown as "H" and "J" in annex 4, between the projection of the service-break pedal on to the reference plane "P" and the intersection of each of the walls with that plane shall be &ge 130 mm to the right and &ge 160 mm to the left for vehicles with three pedals, and &ge 130 mm to the right and &ge 120 mm to the left for vehicles with two pedals.||a0c0|
|6.1.||Every modification of the vehicle type shall be notified to the administrative department which approved the vehicle type. The department may then either:||a0c0|
|6.1.1.||consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have appreciable adverse effects, and that in any case the vehicle still meets the requirements; or||a0c0|
|6.1.2.||require a further test report from the technical service responsible for conducting the tests;||a0c0|
|6.2.||Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be communicated by the procedure specified in paragraph 4.3. above to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation.||a0c0|
|6.3.||The competent authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number for such an extension and inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in annex 1 to this Regulation.||a0c0|
|7.1.||Every vehicle bearing an approval mark as prescribed under this Regulation shall conform to the vehicle type approved, more particularly as regards the arrangement of foot controls;||a0c0|
|7.2.||In order to verify conformity as prescribed in paragraph 7.1. above, a sufficient number of serially-produced vehicles bearing the approval mark required by this Regulation shall be subjected to random checks.||a0c0|
|8.1.||The approval granted in respect of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirement laid down in paragraph 7.1. above is not complied with or if the vehicle fails to pass the test provided for in paragraph 7.2 above.||a0c0|
|8.2.||If a Party to the Agreement which applies this Regulation withdraws an approval it has previously granted, it shall forthwith notify the other Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation thereof by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.||a0c0|
|...||If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a vehicle type approved in accordance with this Regulation, he shall so inform the authority which granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication that authority shall inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in annex 1 to this Regulation.||a0c0|
|...||The Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation shall communicate to the Secretariat of the United Nations the names and addresses of the technical services conducting approval tests and of the administrative departments which grant approval and to which forms certifying approval or refusal or withdrawal of approval, issued in other countries, are to be sent.||a0c0|
|A1 ||Distinguishing number of the country which has granted/extended/refused/withdrawn/approval (see approval provisions in the Regulation).||a0c0|
|A1 ||Strike out what does not apply.||a0c0|
|A2||The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle shows that the vehicle type concerned has with regard to the arrangement of foot controls, been approved in the Netherlands (E 4), under the number 032439. The first two digits of the approval number indicate that the approval was granted in accordance with Regulation No. 35 in its original form.||a0c0|
The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle shows that the vehicle type concerned has been approved in the Netherlands (E 4) pursuant to Regulations Nos. 35 and 24. ;1/
(In the case of the latter Regulation the corrected absorption co-efficient is 1.30 m-1). The approval numbers indicate that on the dates on which these approvals were granted Regulation No. 35 had not yet been modified and Regulation No. 24 included the 03 series of amendments.
|A2 ||The second number is given merely as an example.||a0c0|
In any seating position other than front seats where the "H" point cannot be determined using the "Three-dimensional 'H' point machine" or procedures, the "R" point indicated by the manufacturer may be taken as a reference at the discretion of the competent authority.
For the purposes of this annex:
|A3 2.1.||"Reference data" means one or several of the following characteristics of a seating position:||a0c0|
|A3 2.1.1.||the "H" point and the "R" point and their relationship,||a0c0|
|A3 2.1.2.||the actual torso angle and the design torso angle and their relationship.||a0c0|
"Three-dimensional 'H' point machine" (3-D H machine) means the device used for the determination of "H" points and actual torso angles. This device is described in appendix 1 to this annex;
|A3 2.3.||"'H' point" means the pivot centre of the torso and the thigh of the 3-D H machine installed in the vehicle seat in accordance with paragraph 4 below. The "H" point is located in the centre of the centreline of the device which is between the "H" point sight buttons on either side of the 3-D H machine. The "H" point corresponds theoretically to the "R" point (for tolerances see paragraph 3.2.2. below). Once determined in accordance with the procedure described in paragraph 4, the "H" point is considered fixed in relation to the seat-cushion structure and to move with it when the seat is adjusted;||a0c0|
|A3 2.4.||"'R' point" or "seating reference point" means a design point defined by the vehicle manufacturer for each seating position and established with respect to the three-dimensional reference system;||a0c0|
|A3 2.5.||"Torso-line" means the centreline of the probe of the 3~D H machine with the probe in the fully rearward position;||a0c0|
|A3 2.6.||"Actual torso angle" means the angle measured between a vertical line through the "H" point the the torso line using the back angle quadrant on the 3-D H machine. The actual torso angle corresponds theoretically to the design torso angle (for tolerances see paragraph 3.2.2. below):||a0c0|
|A3 2.7.||"Design torso angle" means the angle measured between a vertical line through the "R" point and the torso line in a position which corresponds to the design position of the seat-back established by the vehicle manufacturer;||a0c0|
|A3 2.8.||"Centreplane of occupant" (C/LO) means the median plane of the 3-D H machine positioned in each designated seating position; it is represented by the coordinate of the "H" point on the "Y" axis. For individual seats, the centreplane of the seat coincides with the centreplane of the occupant. For other seats, the centreplane of the occupant is specified by the manufacturer;||a0c0|
|A3 2.9.||"Three-Dimensional reference system" means a system as described in appendix 2 to this annex;||a0c0|
|A3 2.10.||"Fiducial marks" are physical points (holes, surfaces, marks or indentations) on the vehicle body as defined by the manufacturer;||a0c0|
|A3 2.11.||"Vehicle measuring attitude" means the position of the vehicle as defined by the coordinates of fiducial marks in the three-dimensional reference system.||a0c0|
For each seating position where reference data are required in order to demonstrate compliance with the provisions of the present Regulation, all or an appropriate selection of the following data shall be presented in the form indicated in appendix 3 to this annex:
|A3 3.1.1.||the coordinates of the "R" point relative to the three-dimensional reference system;||a0c0|
|A3 3.1.2.||the design torso angle;||a0c0|
|A3 3.1.3.||all indications necessary to adjust the seat (if it is adjustable) to the measuring position set out in paragraph 4.3. below.||a0c0|
|A3 3.2.||Relationship between measured data and design specifications||a0c0|
|A3 3.2.1.||The coordinates of the "H" point and the value of the actual torso angle obtained by the procedure set out in paragraph 4. below shall be compared, respectively, with the coordinates of the "R" point and the value of the design torso angle indicated by the vehicle manufacturer.||a0c0|
The relative positions of the "R" point and the "H" point and the relationship between the design torso angle and the actual torso angle shall be considered satisfactory for the seating position in question if the "H" point, as defined by its coordinates, lies within a square of 50 mm side length with horizontal and vertical sides whose diagonals intersect at the "R" point, and if the actual torso angle is within 5° of the design torso angle.
|A3 3.2.3.||If these conditions are met, the "R" point and the design torso angle, shall be used to demonstrate compliance with the provisions of this Regulation.||a0c0|
|A3 3.2.4.||If the "H" point or the actual torso angle does not satisfy the requirements of paragraph 3.2.2. above, the "H" point and the actual torso angle shall be determined twice more (three times in all). If the results of two of these three operations satisfy the requirements, the conditions of paragraph 3.2.3. above shall apply.||a0c0|
|A3 3.2.5.||If the results of at least two of the three operations described in paragraph 3.2.4. above do not satisfy the requirements of paragraph 3.2.2. above, or if the verification cannot take place because the vehicle manufacturer has failed to supply information regarding the position of the "R" point or regarding the design torso angle, the centroid of the three measured points or the average of the three measured angle shall be used and be regarded as applicable in all cases where the "R" point or the design torso angle is referred to in this Regulation.||a0c0|
|A3 4.||PROCEDURE FOR "H" POINT AND ACTUAL TORSO ANGLE DETERMINATION||a0c0|
The vehicle shall be preconditioned at the manufacturer's discretion, at a temperature of 20 ± 10° C to ensure that the seat material reached room temperature. If the seat to be checked has never been sat upon, a 70 to 80 kg person or device shall sit on the seat twice for one minute to flex the cushion and back. At the manufacturer's request, all seat assemblies shall remain unloaded for a minimum period of 30 min prior to installation of the 3-D H machine.
|A3 4.2.||The vehicle shall be at the measuring attitude defined in paragraph 2.11. above.||a0c0|
|A3 4.3.||The seat, if it is adjustable, shall be adjusted first to the rearmost normal driving or riding position, as indicated by the vehicle manufacturer, taking into consideration only the longitudinal adjustment of the seat, excluding seat travel used for purposes other than normal driving or riding positions. Where other modes of seat adjustment exist (vertical, angular, seat-back, etc.) these will then be adjusted to the position specified by the vehicle manufacturer. For suspension seats, the vertical position shall be rigidly fixed corresponding to a normal driving position as specified by the manufacturer.||a0c0|
|A3 4.4.||The area of the seating position contacted by the 3-D H machine shall be covered by a muslin cotton, of sufficient size and appropriate texture, described as a plain cotton fabric having 18.9 threads per cm2 and weighing 0.228 kg/m2 or knitted or non-woven fabric having equivalent characteristics. If test is run on a seat outside the vehicle, the floor on which the seat is placed shall have the same essential characteristics 2/ as the floor of the vehicle in which the seat is intended to be used.||a0c0|
|A3 ||Tilt angle, height difference with a seat mounting, surface texture, etc.||a0c0|
|A3 4.5.||Place the seat and back assembly of the 3-D H machine so that the centreplane of the occupant (C/LO) coincides with the centreplane of the 3-D H machine. At the manufacturer's request, the 3-D H machine may be moved inboard with respect to the C/LO if the 3-D H machine is located so far outboard that the seat edge will not permit levelling of the 3-D H machine.||a0c0|
|A3 4.6.||Attach the foot and lower leg assemblies to the seat pan assembly, either individually or by using the T-bar and lower leg assembly. A line through the "H" point sight buttons shall be parallel to the ground and perpendicular to the longitudinal centreplane of the seat.||a0c0|
|A3 4.7.||Adjust the feet and leg positions of the 3-D H machine as follows:||a0c0|
|A3 4.7.1.||Designated seating position: driver and outside front passenger||a0c0|
|A3 220.127.116.11.||Both feet and leg assemblies shall be moved forward in such a way that the feet take up natural positions on the floor, between the operating pedals if necessary. Where possible the left foot shall be located approximately the same distance to the left of the centreplane of the 3-D H machine as the right foot is to the right. The spirit level verifying the transverse orientation of the 3-D H machine is brought to the horizontal by readjustment of the seat pan if necessary, or by adjusting the leg and foot assemblies towards the rear. The line passing through the "H" point sight buttons shall be maintained perpendicular to the longitudinal centreplane of the seat.||a0c0|
|A3 18.104.22.168.||If the left leg cannot be kept parallel to the right leg and the left foot cannot be supported by the structure, move the left foot until it is supported. The alignment of the sight buttons shall be maintained.||a0c0|
Designated seating position: outboard rear
For rear seats or auxiliary seats, the legs are located as specified by the manufacturer. If the feet then rest on parts of the floor which are at different levels, the foot which first comes into contact with the front seat shall serve as a reference and the other foot shall be so arranged that the spirit level giving the transverse orientation of the seat of the device indicates the horizontal.
Other designated seating positions:
The general procedure indicated in paragraph 4.7.1. above shall be followed except that the feet shall be placed as specified by the vehicle manufacturer.
|A3 4.8.||Apply lower leg and thigh weights and level the 3-D H machine.||a0c0|
|A3 4.9.||Tilt the back pan forward against the forward stop and draw the 3-D H machine away from the seat-back using the T-bar. Reposition the 3-D H machine on the seat by one of the following methods:||a0c0|
|A3 4.9.1.||If the 3-D H machine tends to slide rearward, use the following procedure. Allow the 3-D H machine to slide rearward until a forward horizontal restraining load on the T-bar is no longer required i.e. until the seat pan contacts the seat-back. If necessary, reposition the lower leg.||a0c0|
|A3 4.9.2.||If the 3-D H machine does not tend to slide rearward, use the following procedure. Slide the 3-D H machine rearwards by applying a horizontal rearward load to the T-bar until the seat pan contacts the seat-back (see figure 2 of appendix 1 to this annex).||a0c0|
Apply a 100 ± 10 N load to the back and pan assembly of the 3-D H machine at the intersection of the hip angle quadrant and the T-bar housing. The direction of load application shall be maintained along a line passing by the above intersection to a point just above the thigh bar housing (see figure 2 of appendix 1 to this annex). Then carefully return the back pan to the seat-back. Care must be exercised throughout the remainder of the procedure to prevent 3-D H machine from sliding forward.
|A3 4.11.||Install the right and left buttock weights and then, alternately, the eight torso weights. Maintain the 3-D H machine level.||a0c0|
Tilt the back pan forward to release the tension on the seat-back. Rock the 3-D H machine from side to side through 10° arc (5° to each side of the vertical centreplane) for three complete cycles to release any accumulated friction between the 3-D H machine and the seat.
During the rocking action, the T-bar of the 3-D H machine may tend to diverge from the specified horizontal and vertical alignment. The T-bar must therefore be restrained by applying an appropriate lateral load during the rocking motions. Care shall be exercised in holding the T-bar and rocking the 3-D H machine to ensure that no inadvertent exterior loads are applied in a vertical or fore and aft direction.
The feet of the 3-D H machine are not to be restrained or held during this step. If the feet change position, they should be allowed to remain in that attitude for the moment.
Carefully return the back pan to the seat-back and check the two spirit levels for zero position. If any movement of the feet has occurred during the rocking operation of the 3-D H machine, they must be repositioned as follows:
Alternately, lift each foot off the floor the minimum necessary amount until no additional foot movement is obtained. During this lifting, the feet are to be free to rotate; and no forward or lateral loads are to be applied. When each foot is placed back in the down position, the heel is to be in contact with the structure designed for this.
Check the lateral spirit level for zero position; if necessary, apply a lateral load to the top of the back pan sufficient to level the 3-D H machine's seat pan on the seat.
Holding the T-bar to prevent the 3-D H machine from sliding forward on the seat cushion, proceed as follows:
(a) return the back pan to the seat-back;
|A3 4.14.||Take all measurements:||a0c0|
|A3 4.14.1.||The coordinates of the "H" point are measured with respect to the three-dimensional reference system.||a0c0|
|A3 4.14.2.||The actual torso angle is read at the back angle quadrant of the 3-D H machine with the probe in its fully rearward position.||a0c0|
|A3 4.15.||If a re-run of the installation of the 3-D H machine is desired, the seat assembly should remain unloaded for a minimum period of 30 min prior to the re-run. The 3-D H machine should not be left loaded on the seat assembly longer than the time required to perform the test.||a0c0|
|A3 4.16.||If the seats in the same row can be regarded as similar (bench seat, identical seats, etc.) only one "H" point and one "actual torso angle" shall be determined for each row of seats, the 3-D H machine described in appendix 1 to this annex being seated in a place regarded as representative for the row. This place shall be:||a0c0|
|A3 4.16.1.||in the case of the front row, the driver's seat;||a0c0|
|A3 4.16.2.||in the case of the rear row or rows, an outer seat.||a0c0|
For details of the construction of the 3-D H machine refer to Society of Automobile Engineers (SAE), 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, Pennsylvania 15096, United States of America.
Back and seat pans
Body and leg elements
|A3 1.||The three-dimensional reference system is defined by three orthogonal planes established by the vehicle manufacturer (see figure).*||a0c0|
The reference system corresponds to ISO Standard 4130, 1978.
|A3 2.||The vehicle measuring attitude is established by positioning the vehicle on the supporting surface such that the coordinates of the fiducial marks correspond to the values indicated by the manufacturer.||a0c0|
|A3 3.||The coordinates of the "R" point and the "H" point are established in relation to the fiducial marks defined by the vehicle manufacturer.||a0c0|
Coding of reference data
Reference data are listed consecutively for each seating position. Seating positions are identified by a two-digit code. The first digit is an Arabic numeral and designates the row of seats, counting from the front to the rear of the vehicle. The second digit is a capital letter which designates the location of the seating position in a row, as viewed in the direction of forward motion of the vehicle; the following letters shall be used:
L = left
|A3 2.||Description of vehicle measuring attitude||a0c0|
Coordinates of fiducial marks
X . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
Y . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
Z . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
|A3 3.||List of reference data||a0c0|
|A3 3.1.||Seating position: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..||a0c0|
Coordinates of "R" point
X . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
Y . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
Z . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
|A3 3.1.2.||Design torso angle: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..||a0c0|
Specifications for seat adjustment*
horizontal: . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
vertical: . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
angular: . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
torso angle: . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
|A3 [*]||Strike out what does not apply.||a0c0|
|A3||Note: List reference data for further seating positions under 3.2., 3.3., etc.||a0c0|
Regulation UN No. 35 (Rev.1)
Consolidated up to
Suppl.1 to 00dated: 10.10.06