Regulation UN No. 128 (Rev.0)

Light Emitting Diode (LED) light sources

Consolidated up to Suppl.9 to 00 dated: 15.10.19

... Regulation a0c0
... 1.Scope a0c0
... 2.Administrative provisions a0c0
... 3.Technical requirements a0c0
... 4.Requirements to the packaging of LED substitute light sources a9c0
... 5.Conformity of production a9c0
... 6.Penalties for non-conformity of production a9c0
... 7.Production definitively discontinued a9c0
... 8.Names and addresses of Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of Type Approval Authorities a9c0
... Annexes a0c0
... 1.Sheets for LED light sources a0c0
... 2.Communication a0c0
... 3.Example of the arrangement of the approval mark a0c0
... 4.Method of measurement of electrical and photometrical characteristics a0c0
... 5.Minimum requirements for quality procedures by the manufacturer a0c0
... 6.Sampling and compliance levels for manufacturer test records a0c0
... 7.Minimum requirements for spot checks by the Type Approval Authority a0c0
... 8.Compliance approved by spot check a0c0
... 9.Method for the measurement of luminance contrast and luminance uniformity of the light emitting area a7c0
1. Scope a0c0
... This Regulation applies to LED light sources shown in Annex 1 and intended for use in approved lamps of power-driven vehicles and of their trailers. a6c0
2. Administrative provisions a0c0
2.1. Definitions a0c0
2.1.1. Definition of "category" a0c0
... The term "category" is used in this Regulation to describe different basic design of standardised LED light sources. Each category has a specific designation as for example: "LW1", "LY2", "LR2". a0c0
2.1.2. Definition of "type" a0c0
... LED light sources of different "types" are LED light sources within the same category which differ in such essential respects as: a0c0
2.1.2.1. Trade name or mark; a0c0
... LED light sources bearing the same trade name or mark but produced by different manufacturers are considered as being of different types. LED light sources produced by the same manufacturer differing only by the trade name or mark may be considered to be of the same type. a0c0
2.1.2.2. Light source design, in so far as these differences affect the optical results; a0c0
2.1.2.3. Rated voltage. a0c0
2.2. Application for approval a0c0
2.2.1. Application for approval shall be submitted by the owner of the trade name or mark, or by his duly accredited representative. a0c0
2.2.2. Every application for approval shall be accompanied (see also paragraph 2.4.2.) by: a0c0
2.2.2.1. Drawings in triplicate, sufficiently detailed to permit identification of the type; a0c0
2.2.2.2. A brief technical description; a0c0
2.2.2.3. Five samples; [DEL] a7c0
2.2.2.4. Documents, in case of LED substitute light sources, showing:
(a) The information to be displayed on; and
(b) The instructions to be contained by the packaging of LED substitute light sources.
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2.2.3. In the case of a type of LED light sources differing only by the trade name or mark from a type that has already been approved it shall be sufficient to submit: a0c0
2.2.3.1. A declaration by the manufacturer that the type submitted a0c0
... (a) Is identical with (except in the trade name or mark), and a0c0
... (b) Has been produced by the same manufacturer as the type already approved, the latter being identified by its approval code. a0c0
2.2.3.2. Two samples bearing the new trade name or mark. a0c0
2.2.4. The competent authority shall verify the existence of satisfactory arrangements for ensuring effective control of the conformity of production before type approval is granted. a0c0
2.3. Inscriptions a0c0
2.3.1. LED light sources submitted for approval shall bear on the cap: a0c0
2.3.1.1. The trade name or mark of the applicant; a0c0
2.3.1.2. The rated voltage; a0c0
2.3.1.3. The designation of the relevant category; a0c0
2.3.1.4. A space of sufficient size to accommodate the approval mark. a0c0
2.3.1.5. In the case of LED substitute light sources, the following symbol[1] a9c0
... a9c0
[1] ISO 7000, symbol 1641 a9c0
2.3.2. The space mentioned in paragraph 2.3.1.4. above shall be indicated in the drawings accompanying the application for approval. a0c0
2.3.3. Inscriptions other than those covered by paragraphs 2.3.1. and 2.4.4. may be affixed, on the condition that they do not adversely affect the luminous characteristics. a0c0
2.4. Approval a0c0
2.4.1. If all samples of a type of LED light source which are submitted in pursuance of paragraphs 2.2.2.3. or 2.2.3.2. above meet the requirements of this Regulation, approval shall be granted. a0c0
2.4.2. An approval code shall be assigned to each type approved.[DEL] a8c0
... This approval code shall consist of Section 3 of the approval number.[*] a8c0
... The same Contracting Party may not assign the same code to another type of LED light sources. a0c0
[*] 1958 Agreement, Revision 3, Schedule 4 (E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.3) a8c0
2.4.3. Notice of approval or of extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval or production definitely discontinued of a type of LED light sources pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties of the Agreement which apply this Regulation by means of a form conforming to the model in Annex 2 to this Regulation and of a drawing, supplied by the applicant for approval in a format not exceeding A4 (210 x 297 mm) and on a scale of at least 2 : 1. a0c0
2.4.4. To every LED light source conforming to a type approved under this Regulation there shall be affixed in the space referred to in paragraph 2.3.1.4., in addition to the inscriptions required under paragraph 2.3.1., an international approval mark consisting of: a0c0
2.4.4.1. A truncated circle surrounding the letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country which has granted approval[1]; a0c0
2.4.4.2. The approval code, placed close to the truncated circle. a0c0
2.4.5. If the applicant has obtained the same approval number (and the same correlating approval code) for several trade names or marks, one or more of them will suffice to meet the requirements of paragraph 2.3.1.1. a9c0
2.4.6. The marks and inscriptions specified in paragraphs 2.3.1. and 2.4.4. shall be clearly legible and be indelible. a7c0
2.4.7. Annex 3 to this Regulation gives an example of arrangement of the approval mark. a0c0
[1] As defined in the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3.), document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.2, para. 2 a0c0
3. Technical requirements a0c0
3.1. Definitions
The definitions given in Resolution R.E.5 or its subsequent revisions, applicable at the time of application for type-approval, shall apply.
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3.1.1. Rated voltage: voltage (in volts) marked on the LED light source; a0c0
3.1.2. Test voltage(s): voltage(s) or voltage range(s), at the LED light sources terminals for which the electrical and photometric characteristics of the LED light sources are intended and are to be tested. a0c0
3.1.3. Objective values: Design value of an electrical or photometric characteristic. To be achieved, within the specified tolerances, when the LED light source is energized at relevant test voltage. a0c0
3.1.4. Standard (etalon) LED light source: Special LED light source used for the testing of lighting and light-signalling devices. It has reduced tolerances for dimensional, electrical and photometric characteristics as specified on the relevant data sheet. Standard LED light sources are specified in only one voltage rating for each category. a0c0
3.1.5. Reference axis: an axis defined with reference to the cap and to which certain dimensions of the LED light sources are referred; a0c0
3.1.6. Reference plane: a plane defined with reference to the cap perpendicular to the reference axis and to which certain dimensions of the LED light sources are referred. a0c0
3.1.7. Light centre: a point on the reference axis at a defined distance from the reference plane that represents the nominal origin of the visible radiation emitted. a0c0
3.1.8. Light centre length: the distance between the reference plane and the light centre a0c0
3.1.9. Viewing axis on to the LED light source: an axis through the light centre at defined polar and azimuthal angle used to characterize photometrical properties of the LED light source. a0c0
3.1.10. Apparent light emitting area: area that contains the (apparent) element of visible radiation when observed under a certain viewing axis. The apparent light emitting area is defined in a plane that contains the light centre and that is perpendicular to the corresponding viewing axis. a0c0
3.1.11. Normalized luminous intensity: luminous intensity divided by the luminous flux of the light source in order to characterize the angular radiation pattern of the LED light source. a0c0
3.1.12. Cumulative luminous flux: luminous flux emitted by the light source under operating conditions, within a cone enclosing the specified solid angle and centred on the reference axis.[1] a1c0
3.1.13. Light emitting diode (LED) light source: a light source where the element for visible radiation is one or more solid state junctions producing injection-luminescence and/or fluorescence. a1c0
[1] Based on CIE / IEC vocabulary IEV 845-09-31. a1c0
3.2. General specifications a0c0
3.2.1. Each sample submitted shall conform to the relevant specifications of this Regulation. a0c0
3.2.2. LED light sources shall be so designed as to be and to remain in good working order when in normal use. They shall moreover exhibit no fault in design or manufacture. a0c0
3.2.3. LED light sources shall exhibit no scores or spots on their optical surfaces which might impair their efficiency and their optical performance. This shall be verified when commencing approval testing and when required in the respective paragraphs in this Regulation. a7c0
3.2.4. LED light sources shall be equipped with standard caps complying with the cap data sheets of IEC Publication 60061 as specified on the individual data sheets of Annex 1. a0c0
3.2.5. The cap shall be strong and firmly secured to the rest of the LED light source. a0c0
3.2.6. To ascertain whether LED light sources conform to the requirements of paragraphs 3.2.3. to 3.2.5. above, a visual inspection, a dimension check and, where necessary, a trial fitting into the holder as specified in IEC publication 60061 shall be carried out. a0c0
3.2.7. The solid state junction(s) and possibly one or more elements for fluorescence-based conversion shall be the only element(s) of the LED light source that generate(s) and emit(s) light when energized. a6c0
3.3. Tests a0c0
3.3.1. LED light sources shall first be aged at their test voltage for at least forty-eight hours. For multi-function LED light sources, each function shall be aged separately. a0c0
3.3.2. Unless otherwise specified, electrical and photometric measurements shall be carried out at the relevant test voltage(s). a0c0
3.3.3. Electrical measurements as specified in Annex 4 shall be carried out with instruments of at least class 0.2 (0.2 per cent full scale accuracy). a0c0
3.4. Position and dimensions of [DEL] light emitting area a6c0
3.4.1. The position and dimensions of the [DEL] light emitting area shall conform to the requirements as given on the relevant data sheet of Annex 1. a6c0
3.4.2. The measurement shall be made after ageing the LED light source according to paragraph 3.3.1. a0c0
3.5. Luminous flux a0c0
3.5.1. When measured according to the conditions specified in Annex 4, the luminous flux shall be within the limits given on the relevant data sheet of Annex 1. a0c0
3.5.2. The measurement shall be made after ageing the LED light source according to 3.3.1. a0c0
3.6. Normalized luminous intensity distribution / cumulative luminous flux distribution a1c0
3.6.1. When measured according to the test conditions specified in Annex 4 to this Regulation, the normalized luminous intensity distribution and/or cumulative luminous flux distribution shall be within the limits given on the relevant data sheet of Annex 1. a1c0
3.6.2. The measurement shall be made after ageing the LED light source according to paragraph 3.3.1. a0c0
3.7. Colour a0c0
3.7.1. The colour of the light emitted by the LED light sources shall be specified on the relevant data sheet. The definitions of the colour of the light emitted given in Regulation No. 48 and its series of amendments in force at the time of application for type approval shall apply to this regulation. a0c0
3.7.2. The colour of the light emitted shall be measured by the method specified in Annex 4. The measured integral value of the chromaticity coordinates shall lie within the required chromaticity area. a7c0
3.7.2.1. Moreover, in the case of LED light sources emitting white light and for use in forward lighting devices, the colour shall be measured in the same directions as where the luminous intensity distribution is specified in the relevant data sheet, but only where the specified minimum luminous intensity is exceeding 50 cd/klm. Each measured value of the chromaticity coordinates shall lie within a tolerance area of 0.025 units in the x direction and 0.050 units in the y direction, containing the measured integral value. The measured value in the direction of maximum luminous intensity and all measured values for a standard (etalon) LED light source shall also lie within the required chromaticity area for white light. a7c0
3.7.3. Moreover, in the case of LED light sources emitting white light, the minimum red content of the light shall be such that: a0c0
... a0c0
... This value shall be calculated using intervals of one nanometer. a0c0
3.8. UV-radiation a0c0
... The UV-radiation of the LED light source shall be such that the LED light source is of the low UV type complying with: a0c0
... a0c0
... This value shall be calculated using intervals of one nanometer. The UV-radiation shall be weighted according to the values as indicated in the Table below: a0c0
... a4c0
3.9. Standard LED light sources a0c0
... Additional requirements for standard (etalon) LED light sources are given on the relevant data sheets of Annex 1. a0c0
3.10. Maximum test temperature a7c0
... In case a maximum test temperature is specified in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1, the following requirements shall apply: a7c0
3.10.1. When measured according to the conditions specified in Annex 4, paragraph 5: a7c0
... (a) The luminous flux values at elevated temperatures shall be within the limits given in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1; and a7c0
... (b) The colour variation shall not exceed 0.010. a7c0
3.10.2. After completion of the measurement procedure as prescribed in paragraph 3.10.1., the LED light source shall be continuously operated during 1000 h at the relevant test voltage(s); and a7c0
... (a) In case of an integrated heatsink at an ambient temperature corresponding to the maximum test temperature as specified in the relevant data sheet of Annex I; a7c0
... (b) In case of a specified Tb-point at a Tb-value corresponding to the maximum test temperature as specified in the relevant data sheet of Annex I. a7c0
3.10.3. After completion of the procedure as prescribed in paragraph 3.10.2., when measured according to the conditions specified in Annex 4, paragraph 5: a7c0
... (a) The luminous flux values at elevated temperatures shall not deviate by more than ± 10 per cent from the corresponding values of the individual sample measured according to paragraph 3.10.1.; and a7c0
... (b) The colour variation shall not deviate from the corresponding values of the individual sample measured according to paragraph 3.10.1. by more than ± 0.010. a7c0
3.10.4. After completion of the measurement procedure as prescribed by paragraph 3.10.3., the requirements in 3.2.3. shall be verified again. a7c0
3.11. LED light sources without general restrictions a7c0
3.11.1. Light emitting area characteristics a7c0
... The size and position of the nominal emitter box as well as the side(s) of the light emitting area capable to generate the cut-off are specified in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1. a7c0
... The values of the following characteristics shall be determined by using the method described in Annex 9: a7c0
... (a) Luminance contrast; a7c0
... (b) Size and position of zone 1a and zone 1b; a7c0
... (c) Surface ratio R0.1 and R0.7 a7c0
... (d) Value of maximum deviation ΔL. a7c0
3.11.2. Luminance contrast of the light emitting area a7c0
3.11.2.1. The value(s) of luminance contrast of the light emitting area shall be within the limits given on the relevant data sheet of Annex 1. a7c0
3.11.2.2. In case in the relevant data sheet only one side of the light emitting area is specified as to generate the cut-off, zone 1b shall have a position closer to the corresponding side of zone 1a than to the opposite side. a7c0
3.11.3. Luminance uniformity of the light emitting area a7c0
3.11.3.1. The area of zone 1a (light emitting area) shall be within the nominal emitter box as specified in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1, and the size of the light emitting area shall be within the limits given on the relevant data sheet of Annex 1. a7c0
3.11.3.2. The value of R0.1 shall be within the limits given on the relevant data sheet of Annex 1. a7c0
3.11.3.3. The value of R0.7 shall be within the limits given on the relevant data sheet of Annex 1. a7c0
3.11.3.4. The deviation of the luminance ΔL shall not exceed ± 20 per cent. a7c0
3.12. LED substitute light sources - additional requirements a9c0
3.12.1. The electrical current of the LED substitute light source shall be measured at ambient temperature of (23 ± 2) °C in still air after 1 minute and after 30 minutes of operation at test voltage.
Measured values of the electrical current shall be within the limits as specified in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1.
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3.12.2. The LED substitute light source shall comply with the technical requirements to an electrical/electronic sub-assembly (ESA) as specified by Regulation No. 10 and its series of amendments in force at the time of application for type approval. a9c0
3.12.3. The LED substitute light source shall not emit light when activated for 2 milliseconds or shorter. a9c0
3.12.4. The correlated colour temperature[2] of LED substitute light sources emitting white light shall be no more than 3000 K, unless an appropriate keying is defined in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1 for light sources with a specified higher correlated colour temperature. a9c0
3.12.5. An LED substitute light source shall be equipped with a cap to prevent misuse in service, meeting the requirements as defined in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1. This shall be verified by the technical service. a9c0
[2] CIE S 017/E: 2011: ILV: International Lighting Vocabulary, or eILV; term 17-258 a9c0
4. Requirements to the packaging of LED substitute light sources a9c0
4.1. Each package shall display the following information: a9c0
4.1.1. The trade name or mark of the manufacturer; a9c0
4.1.2. The rated voltage; a9c0
4.1.3. The designation of the LED substitute light source category; a9c0
4.1.4. The approval code; a9c0
4.1.5. The following symbol[3] a9c0
[3] ISO 7000, symbol 1641 a9c0
... a9c0
4.2. Each package shall contain instructions in an official language of the 1958 Agreement (i.e. English, French or Russian), supplemented by the corresponding text in the language of the country where it is sold: a9c0
4.2.1. Stating that this LED substitute light source is suitable for fitment in lamps on vehicle models if both the lamp and the vehicle in which it is to be installed are approved for the use of this LED substitute light source; a9c0
4.2.2. Providing (a) website address(es) where the LED light source manufacturer shall publish up-to-date listing(s) of light signalling functions installed on vehicle models, specified by at least brand, type, model, and manufacturing period of the vehicle, approved for the use of the LED substitute light source; a9c0
4.2.3. Referring to the lamp markings and instructions provided with the vehicle; a9c0
4.2.4. Referring to professional maintenance or repair shops, if the applicability of the LED substitute light source is unclear; a9c0
4.2.5. Warning, clearly legible, that if this LED substitute light source is not used in accordance with the instructions with its package and with the instructions provided with the vehicle, this LED substitute light source may cause a fault in the vehicle's electrical system and/or pose an operational and/or traffic safety risk. a9c0
4.3. The manufacturer shall provide the instructions, as referred to in paragraph 4.2, for displaying purposes at the point of sales without opening the package. a9c0
5. Conformity of production a9c0
5.1. LED light sources approved to this Regulation shall be so manufactured as to conform to the type approved by meeting the inscriptions and technical requirements set forth in paragraph 3. [DEL]and Annexes 1, 4 and 5 to this Regulation.
In addition, the information on the packages and the instructions of LED substitute light sources contained by the packages shall conform to the requirements as set forth in paragraph 4.
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5.2. In order to verify that the requirements of paragraph 5.1. are met, suitable controls of the production shall be carried out. a9c0
5.3. The holder of the approval shall in particular: a9c0
5.3.1. Ensure existence of procedures for the effective control of the quality of products, a9c0
5.3.2. Have access to the control equipment necessary for checking the conformity to each approved type, a9c0
5.3.3. Ensure that data of test results are recorded and that related documents shall remain available for a period to be determined in accordance with the Type Approval Authority, a9c0
5.3.4. Analyse the results of each type of test, applying criteria of Annex 6, in order to verify and ensure the stability of the product characteristics making allowance for variation of an industrial production, a9c0
5.3.5. Ensure that for each type of LED light source, at least the tests prescribed in Annex 5 to this Regulation are carried out, a9c0
5.3.6. Ensure that any collecting of samples giving evidence of non-conformity with the type of test considered shall give rise to another sampling and another test. All the necessary steps shall be taken to re-establish the conformity of the corresponding production. a9c0
5.3.7. Keep record of the listings, including the modifications and modification dates, published on its websites as described in paragraph 4.2.2. a9c0
5.4. The competent authority which has granted type-approval may at any time verify the conformity control methods applicable to each production unit. a9c0
5.4.1. In every inspection, the test books and production survey records shall be presented to the visiting inspector. a9c0
5.4.2. The inspector may take samples at random which will be tested in the manufacturer's laboratory. The minimum number of samples may be determined according to the results of the manufacturer's own verification. a9c0
5.4.3. When the quality level appears unsatisfactory or when it seems necessary to verify the validity of the tests carried out in application of paragraph 5.4.2. above, the inspector shall select samples, to be sent to the technical service which has conducted the type approval tests. a9c0
5.4.4. The competent authority may carry out any tests prescribed in this Regulation. Where the competent authority decides to carry out spot checks, criteria of Annexes 7 and 8 to this Regulation shall be applied. a9c0
5.4.5. The normal frequency of inspection authorised by the competent authority shall be one every two years. In the case where negative results are recorded during one of these visits, the competent authority shall ensure that all necessary steps are taken to re-establish the conformity of production as rapidly as possible. a9c0
6. Penalties for non-conformity of production a9c0
6.1. The approval granted in respect of a LED light source pursuant to this Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirements are not met or if a LED light source bearing the approval mark does not conform to the type approved. a9c0
6.2. If a Contracting Party to the Agreement applying this Regulation withdraws an approval it has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 2 to this Regulation. a9c0
7. Production definitively discontinued a9c0
... If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a type of LED light source approved in accordance with this Regulation, he shall so inform the Type Approval Authority which has granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication, that Authority shall inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 2 to this Regulation. a0c0
8. Names and addresses of the Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of Type Approval Authorities a9c0
... The Parties to the 1958 Agreement which apply this Regulation shall communicate to the United Nations secretariat the names and addresses of the Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests and of the Type Approval Authorities which grant approval and to which forms certifying approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval, or production definitively discontinued issued in other countries, are to be sent. a0c0
A1  Annex 1 a0c0
A1  The sheets of the relevant LED light source category and the group in which this category is listed with restrictions on the use of this category shall apply as incorporated in Resolution R.E.5 or its subsequent revisions, applicable at the time of application for type approval of the LED light source. a6c0
A1 * From 22 June 2017 onwards, the sheets for LED light sources, the list and group of light source categories with restrictions on the use of this category and their sheet numbers are incorporated in Resolution R.E.5 (ECE/TRANS/WP.29/1127). a8c0
A2  Annex 2 a0c0
A2  Communication a0c0
A2  a0c0
A2  of a type of LED light source pursuant to Regulation No. 128 a0c0
A2  Approval No................................. Extension No....................................... a0c0
A2  Approval Code....................... a8c0
A2 1. Trade name or mark of the LED light source: a8c0
A2 2. Manufacturer's name for the type of LED light source: a8c0
A2 3. Manufacturer's name and address: a0c0
A2 4. If applicable, name and address of manufacturer's representative: a0c0
A2 5. Submitted for approval on: a0c0
A2 6. Technical Service responsible for conducting approval tests: a0c0
A2 7. Date of report issued by that Service: a0c0
A2 8. Number of report issued by that Service: a0c0
A2 9. Concise description: a0c0
A2  Category of LED light source: a0c0
A2  Rated voltage: a0c0
A2  Colour(s) of the light emitted: White/amber/red [2] a0c0
A2 10. Position of the approval mark: a0c0
A2 11. Reason(s) for extension (if applicable): a0c0
A2 12. Approval granted/refused/extended/withdrawn[2]: a0c0
A2 13. Place: a0c0
A2 14. Date: a0c0
A2 15. Signature: a0c0
A2 16. The following documents, bearing the approval mark shown above, are available on request: a0c0
A2 [1] Distinguishing number of the country which has granted/refused/withdrawn approval (see approval provisions in the Regulation). a0c0
A2 [2] Strike out what does not apply. a0c0
A3  Annex 3 a0c0
A3  Example of the arrangement of the approval mark a0c0
A3  a8c0
A3  The above approval mark affixed to a LED light source indicates that the light source has been approved in the United Kingdom (E11) under the approval code 0001. [DEL] a8c0
A3 [DEL] [DEL] a8c0
A4  Annex 4 a0c0
A4  Method of measurement of electrical and photometrical characteristics a0c0
A4  LED light sources of all categories with integrated heat sink shall be measured in still air at ambient temperature of (23 ± 2) °C, and at an additional ambient temperature if indicated in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1. For these measurements the minimum free air space as defined in the data sheets shall be maintained. a9c0
A4  LED light sources of all categories with definition of a temperature Tb shall be measured by stabilising the Tb-point at the specific temperature defined on the category data sheet. a7c0
A4  In case a maximum test temperature is specified in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1 additional measurements shall be carried out at elevated temperatures according to the method described in paragraph 5 of this annex. a7c0
A4 1. Luminous flux a0c0
A4 1.1. A luminous flux measurement using an integrating method shall be made a0c0
A4  (a) In case of an integrated heatsink after 1 minute and after 30 minutes of operation a0c0
A4  or a0c0
A4  (b)After stabilisation of the temperature at the Tb point. a0c0
A4 1.2. The luminous flux values, as measured after a0c0
A4  (a) 30 minutes, or a0c0
A4  (b) Stabilisation of temperature Tb a0c0
A4  Shall comply with the minimum and maximum requirements. a0c0
A4  Additionally, in case of (a), unless otherwise specified on the data sheet,
(i) Either the luminous flux value measured after 30 minutes shall be in between 100 per cent and 80 per cent of the luminous flux value measured after 1 minute; or
(ii) The luminous flux value measured after 1 minute shall comply with the minimum and maximum requirements, and in addition the luminous flux value measured after 30 minutes shall not deviate by more than ± 20 per cent from the luminous flux value measured after 1 minute.
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A4 1.3. Measurements have to be carried out at relevant test voltage and at the minimum and maximum values of the relevant voltage range. Unless specified more tightly on the data sheet the following deviation of the luminous flux at the tolerance interval limits shall not be exceeded. a0c0
A4  a0c0
A4 2. Normalized luminous intensity / cumulative luminous flux a1c0
A4 2.1. The luminous intensity measurements shall be started [DEL] a7c0
A4  (a) In case of an integrated heatsink after 30 minutes of operation; or a7c0
A4  (b) In case of a Tb point, specified in the relevant data sheet, after stabilisation of the temperature at this Tb point. a7c0
A4 2.2. Measurements have to be carried out at relevant test voltage. a0c0
A4 2.3 Normalized luminous intensity of a test sample is calculated by dividing the luminous intensity distribution as measured under paragraph 2.1. and 2.2. of this annex by the luminous flux as determined [DEL] under paragraph 1.2. of this annex. a7c0
A4 2.4. Cumulative luminous flux of a test sample is calculated according to CIE publication 84-1989, section 4.3 by integrating the luminous intensity values as measured under 2.1 and 2.2 within a cone enclosing a solid angle. a7c0
A4 3. Colour a0c0
A4  The colour of the light emitted as measured under the same conditions as described paragraph in 1.1. of this annex shall both be within the required colour boundaries. a0c0
A4 4. Power consumption a0c0
A4 4.1 A power consumption measurement shall be made under the same conditions as described in paragraph 1.1 of this annex using the requirements of paragraph 3.3.3. of this Regulation. a0c0
A4 4.2 Power consumption measurements shall be carried out at relevant test voltage. a0c0
A4 4.3 Values obtained shall comply with the minimum and maximum requirements of the relevant data sheet. a0c0
A4 5. Photometric measurements in case a maximum test temperature is specified a0c0
A4 5.1. Temperature and temperature range a0c0
A4 5.1.1. Photometric measurements as specified in paragraphs 5.3., 5.4. and 5.5. shall be carried out at elevated temperatures T in steps not larger than 25° C, while the LED light source is continuously operated. a0c0
A4 5.1.1.1. In case of LED light sources of a category with integrated heatsink the temperature range is defined by the ambient temperature of (23 ۬) °C elevated up to and including the maximum test temperature as specified in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1, whereas the minimum free air space as defined in the relevant data sheet shall be maintained and a period of 30 minutes of operation shall be awaited after each increase of the ambient temperature. a0c0
A4 5.1.1.2. In case of LED light sources of a category, for which a temperature Tb is specified, the temperature range is defined by the temperature Tb specified in the relevant data sheet elevated up to and including the maximum test temperature as specified in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1, whereas the temperature at the Tb -point is stabilised before each measurement. a0c0
A4 5.2. Voltage a0c0
A4  Measurements shall be carried out at relevant test voltage. a0c0
A4 5.3. Measurement direction of luminous intensity and colour coordinates a0c0
A4  All the values of luminous intensity and the colour coordinates in the temperature range as specified by paragraph 5.1. may be measured in one and the same direction. This direction shall be such that the luminous intensity is exceeding 20 cd for all measurements. a0c0
A4 5.4. Luminous flux values at elevated temperatures a0c0
A4  The values of the luminous flux at elevated temperatures T in the range as specified by paragraph 5.1. may be calculated by correcting the value of the luminous flux as measured according to paragraph 1.2. of this annex, by the ratio of the luminous intensity values as described in paragraph 5.3. and the luminous intensity value measured at: a0c0
A4  (a) 23 C, in case of an integrated heatsink; a0c0
A4  (b) Tb, in case a temperature Tb is defined. a0c0
A4 5.5. Colour variation a0c0
A4  The colour variation is the maximum deviation of all colour points (given by the chromaticity coordinates x, y) at elevated temperatures T in the range as specified by paragraph 5.1., from the colour point (x0, y0) at: a0c0
A4  a7c0
A5  Annex 5 a0c0
A5  Minimum requirements for quality control procedures by the manufacturer a0c0
A5 1. General a0c0
A5  The conformity requirements shall be considered satisfied from a photometric, geometrical, visual and electrical standpoint if the specified tolerances for production LED light sources in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1, the relevant data sheet for the caps and in the case of LED substitute light sources the additional requirements to LED substitute light sources in paragraph 3.12. are met. a9c0
A5 2. Minimum requirements for verification of conformity by the manufacturer a0c0
A5  For each type of LED light source the manufacturer or the holder of the approval mark shall carry out tests, in accordance with the provisions of this Regulation, at appropriate intervals. a0c0
A5 2.1. Nature of tests a0c0
A5  Tests of conformity of these specifications shall cover their photometric, geometrical and optical characteristics. a0c0
A5 2.2. Methods used in tests a0c0
A5 2.2.1. Tests shall generally be carried out in accordance with the methods set out in this Regulation. a0c0
A5 2.2.2. The application of paragraph 2.2.1. of this annex requires regular calibration of test apparatus and its correlation with measurements made by a competent authority. a0c0
A5 2.3. Nature of sampling a0c0
A5  Samples of LED light sources shall be selected at random from the production of a uniform batch. A uniform batch means a set of LED light sources of the same type, defined according to the production methods of the manufacturer. a0c0
A5 2.4. Inspected and recorded characteristics a0c0
A5  The LED light sources shall be inspected and test results recorded following the grouping of characteristics as listed in Annex 6, Table 1. a0c0
A5 2.5. Criteria governing acceptability a0c0
A5  The manufacturer or the holder of approval is responsible for carrying out a statistical study of the test results in order to meet the specifications laid down for verification of conformity of production in paragraph 4.1. of this Regulation. a0c0
A5  Compliance shall be assured if the level of acceptable non-compliance per grouping of characteristics given in Table 1 of Annex 6 is not exceeded. This means that the number of LED light sources not complying with the requirement for any grouping of characteristics of any LED light sources type does not exceed the qualifying limits in the relevant Tables 2, 3 or 4 of Annex 6. a0c0
A5  Note: Each individual LED light source requirement shall be considered as a characteristic. a0c0
A6  Annex 6 a0c0
A6  Sampling and compliance levels for manufacturer test records a0c0
A6  Table 1 a0c0
A6  Characteristics a0c0
A6  a9c0
A6 * The assessment shall in general cover series production LED light sources from individual factories. A manufacturer may group together records concerning the same type from several factories, provided these operate under the same quality system and quality management. a0c0
A6 ** In case a LED light source has more than one light output function the grouping of characteristics (dimensions, power, colour and luminous flux) applies to each element separately. a0c0
A6 *** LED substitute light sources only a9c0
A6  Qualifying limits for acceptance based on different numbers of test results for each grouping of characteristics are listed in Table 2 as maximum number of non-compliance. The limits are based on an acceptable level of 1 per cent of non-compliance, assuming an acceptance probability of at least 0.95. a0c0
A6  a0c0
A6  Qualifying limits for acceptance based on different numbers of test results for each grouping of characteristics are listed in Table 3 given as maximum number of non-compliance. The limits are based on an acceptable level of 6.5 per cent of non-compliance, assuming an acceptance probability of at least 0.95. a0c0
A6  a0c0
A6  Qualifying limits for acceptance based on different numbers of test results for each grouping of characteristics are listed in Table 4 given as a percentage of the results, assuming an acceptance probability of at least 0.95. a0c0
A6  a0c0
A7  Annex 7 a0c0
A7  Minimum requirements for spot checks by the Type Approval Authority a0c0
A7 1. General a0c0
A7  The conformity requirements shall be considered satisfied from a photometric, geometrical, visual and electrical standpoint if the specified tolerances for production LED light sources in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1 and the relevant data sheet for the caps are met. a0c0
A7 2. The conformity of mass-produced LED light sources shall not be contested if the results are in agreement with Annex 8 to this Regulation. a0c0
A7 3. Conformity shall be contested and the manufacturer requested to make the production meet the requirements if the results are not in agreement with Annex 8 to this Regulation. a0c0
A7 4. If paragraph 3. of this annex is applied, a further sample of 250 LED light sources, selected at random from a recent production run, shall be taken within two months. a0c0
A8  Annex 8 a0c0
A8  Compliance approved by spot check a0c0
A8  Compliance approved or disapproved shall be decided according to the values in Table 1. For each grouping of characteristics LED light sources shall be either accepted or rejected according to the values in Table 1*. a0c0
A8  a0c0
A8 * The proposed scheme is designed to assess the compliance of LED light sources to an acceptance level of non-compliance of 1 per cent and 6.5 per cent respectively and is based on the Double Sampling Plan for Normal Inspection in IEC Publication 60410: Sampling Plans and Procedures for Inspection by Attributes. a0c0
A8 ** The LED light sources shall be inspected and test results recorded following the grouping of characteristics as listed in Annex 6, Table 1. a0c0
A9  Annex 9 a7c0
A9  Method for the measurement of luminance contrast and luminance uniformity of the light emitting area a7c0
A9 1. The luminance measurement equipment shall be capable to distinguish clearly whether the luminance contrast of the light emitting area is above or below the required level for the LED light source under test. a7c0
A9  Further, this equipment shall have a resolution of 20 μm or smaller in an area that is larger than the light emitting area of the LED light source under test. In case this equipment has a resolution of less than 10 μm, adjacent luminance measurement values shall be arithmetically averaged so as to represent a luminance value of an area of between 10 μm and 20 μm. a7c0
A9 2. The luminance measurements of an area shall be done in an equidistant grid in both directions. a7c0
A9 3. Zone 1a and zone 1b shall be determined from luminance measurements of an area which consists of the nominal emitter box as specified in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1 and enlarged to all sides by 10 per cent of the corresponding box dimension (see figure 1). The value L98 is the 98th percentile of all values of these luminance measurements. a7c0
A9 3.1. Zone 1a (light emitting area) shall be the smallest circumferential rectangle having the same orientation as the nominal emitter box and containing all luminance measurements with a value of 10 per cent or more of the value L98. The value L1 shall be the arithmetic average of the values of all luminance measurements in zone 1a (see figure 2). The value of R0.1 shall be the surface ratio of zone 1a where the luminance value is exceeding 10 per cent of the value L1. The value of R0.7 shall be the surface ratio of zone 1a where the luminance value is exceeding 70 per cent of the value L1. a7c0
A9 3.2. Zone 1b shall be the smallest circumferential rectangle having the same orientation as the nominal emitter box and containing all luminance measurements with a value of 70 per cent or more of the value L98. a7c0
A9 4. Zone 2 shall have in both directions 1,5 times the size of the nominal emitter box as specified in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1 and it shall be positioned symmetrically to the nominal emitter box at a distance of d0=0.2 mm to zone 1a, unless otherwise specified on the data sheet (see figure 3). The value L2 shall be the arithmetic average of 1 per cent of all measured luminance values in zone 2 which represent the highest values. a7c0
A9  In case in the relevant data sheet more than one side of zone 1a (light emitting area) is specified as to generate the cut-off, for each of these sides a value L2 shall be determined as described above. a7c0
A9 5. The luminance contrast value(s) shall be the ratio of the luminance value L1 of zone 1a and the luminance value L2 of zone(s) 2. a7c0
A9 6. In case the nominal emitter box as specified in the relevant data sheet of Annex 1 is subdivided in n areas (e.g. n = 1 x 4), the same subdivision shall also apply to zone 1a. a7c0
A9 6.1. For each of the n areas the value L1,i (i = 1, ..., n) shall be the arithmetic average of the values of all luminance measurements in the corresponding area. a7c0
A9 6.2. The value ΔL shall be the maximum relative deviation of all luminance values L1,i from the luminance value L1. a7c0
A9  a7c0
A9  a7c0
A9  a7c0